Amri Mound, Jamshoro

Amri is a small village situated between situated between the right bank of the Indus and the Laki Hills in the district of Dadu where remains of a Chatcolithic settlement were found by N.C.  Majumdar in 1929, Majumdar’s excavations were left inconclusive by his untimely death. French Archaeological Mission with the help of the Pakistan Department of Archaeology spent three seasons in Amri from 1959 to 1962.

            The excavations were carried out on the largest of the three mounds and cut the trenches down to the virgin soil. Three different occupations were detected each distinctly marked by its peculiar pottery and other objects on the basis of which chronological sequence could by established. On the top came the Muslim occupation characterized by glazed and moulded pottery bearing affinities with that of Thatta and Multan. A few coins recovered from the layers indicate that the settlement belonged to the Mughal period.

            Below the Muslim settlement were exposed the remains of a culture which dated back to the 3rd millennium B.C. the potsherds thick in texture indicate a by-product of the Harappan, Jhukar and Chanhudaro cultures which represent the late phase of the Indus Valley Civilization. The lower layers however have brought to fight the mature culture of Harappa and Mohenjodaro. A klin enclosed

            The lower most occupation was marked by a pottery of thin fabric bearing geometric and other motifs in reddish brown and chocolate colours on a buff or sepia body. This is the typical Amri pottery whose parrllels can be traced in Baluchistan and Iran.

            Generally speaking in most of the patterns painted on this new class of pottery, geometric tendency is prevailing which is a well known characterists of Amri. The proportionate designing of the painted ornaments combined with measured strokes of the brush create an extremely pleasing effect and provide a clue to that balanced discipline which have governed the lives of the Amri people.

            The recovery of pottery painted animal patterns and a number of terracotta animal figurines found from undisturbed Amri levels has dispelled the belief that Amri culture is marked by a complete absence of terracotta figurines.

            As to the age of this occupation it can be safely assumed that it roughly corresponds to the Kot Diji period, and the undisputed stratigraphical evidence shows both the cultures preceded the Harappa culture.

Additional Info

  • District: Jamshoro
  • Visit hours: Summer: 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM. Winter: 9:00 AM to 6:00 PM
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