Department of Antiquities Sindh
1) Conservation of Jain Temple at Bhodiser and Development of Site
The Jain Temple is a 13th Century structure, probably the oldest standing temple in Sindh. The building was damaged during the earthquake of 2001, and the upper half of Shakhara fell in the year 2006. it is the only instance of elaborately executed design and shape, representation of the period it belongs, in Sindh.
2) Survey Mapping and Documentation of Cultural Archaeological and Historical Heritage Sites Sindh for Promotion of Tourism In Sindh
The province is rich in its cultural heritage, dating back to 5000years before Christ. The development of culture can be traced through the remains from past, which are representative of its various phases. But unfortunately there is no existing record of widespread archaeological sites and historic remains. Such situation has encouraged the plunder ad devastations of this valuable heritage. In order to safeguard this priceless heritage and to plan its promotion and appropriate presentation it is required to be properly documented not only for record purposes, but also for planning any required input etc. Once the extent of rich heritage is known planning for its promotion becomes possible.
3) Establishment of Institutions for Preservation of Tangible Heritage
The country has no such institution which imparts training in the fields of Archaeometery, museum management and safekeeping of various artifacts. The institution will be first of its kind to offer training chances and offer opportunities of research in these fields. Its location at Jamshoro will facilitate collaborative projects, research and imparting of training, where natural sciences are involved; thus the efforts of the Institute will be complimented at the advanced laboratories of University Departments. The Institute will be instrumental in advanced researches and also imparting training to students and in-service employees.
4) Restoration Conservation and Rescue of Mukhi House and Establishment of Mukhi House Museum
Makli House is a type of house building that represents the emergence of high class urban structures. The building is beautiful and a powerful reminder of refined urban settings of the Sindh. The building is highly threatened and is fast losing its vitality. It requires immediate measures to save it for future generations. Once conserved it will house a museum that will show Sindh’s recent past, with special focus on pre partition period.
5) Establishment of Archaeological Museum at Sukkur
Sukkur is an important town of Sindh, which has made prominent through out the historic period. It has also important pre-historic remains, urban settlements and Neolithic tool factories. This rich past will be represented in the Museum which is being established in a befitting old building, that is presently fully endangered. Built in anglo-Mughal architectural style the building of PPC school is in very bad shape, a threat to the lives of hundreds of students. The building will be scientifically treated and conserved and archaeological museum will be established therein. It will be first ever museum in the whole of upper Sindh, that will be a show window of the all phases of Sindh’s past.
6) Conservation and Improvement of Old Free Masons Lodge / Establishment of Wild Life Museum at Karachi.
Old free Mason’s lodge was built after 1908, in a remarkable architecture, which was an amalgam of Victorian new classic and Edwardian trends. A representative price of architecture, the building deserves to be conserved. Sindh has no befitting wild life museum, the scheme envisages conservation of the building and establishment of a museum to show the natural wealth of the province in modern high-tec way. It also envisages a rich interactive library, on the subject providing modern facilities facilities to the readers.
- Establishment : of Museum of Epigraphy.
- Excavation on important sites around Sindh
- Research Programme on Antiquities and publication of scientific reports
- Construction of the office of Department of Antiquities and Sub-offices
- The Conservation & Rehabilitation of Shahjahan Mosque, Thatta
- Endowment fund for Preserving Physical heritage in Sindh
- Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Youth Development Programe in Sindh
Through these schemes the Department of Antiquities, Government of Sindh is expanding its activities provides chances for reducing un-employment and will contribute in promoting and uplifting tourism facilities for visitors, thereby generating economic activity, it will contribute in betterment of the lot of the people of Sindh.
Traditionally the kings and state machinery used to cater for the maintenance of the public works, grand mosques and mausolea, and also monuments created by earlier patrons. In Sindh the Summas are known to have played active role in this regard. Arghuns, Turkhans and Talpurs not only looked after such buildings in Sindh, but provided regular financial assistance for the structures in Jerusalem, Iraq, Hijaz and Persia. Even after loosing the country to Britishers, the Amirs of Sindh still continued to remit funds, through British Resident in Iraq, for such works.
It was result of the popular continuation of the tradition that Britishers felt compelled to undertake the restoration works on Shahjahani Mosque, Thatta and Mirza Essa Turkhan’s Tomb at Makli, in follow up of such earlier bid by Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur.The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) after its creation undertook restoration of selected historic monuments and developed a strategy of conservation.
The indulgence of Government of Sindh with the matters of Culture started quite early in Sindh, compared with other provinces. The Sindhi Adabi Board did great service for Sindh’s Literature and History, the Museum at Hyderabad bravely sustained change of fate; however in seventies a cell was established in the Education Department to look after the cultural issues. Same cell grew into Directorate of Culture and subsequently became Department of Culture.
But the built heritage remained under the care of the Department of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Pakistan. The lack of resources and under developed human resources created a situation, where the concerns of people mounted due to fast deterioration of valuable heritage. Thus the Department of Antiquities was created to look after the archaeological, historical and physical heritage of province. The department has three wings these are Heritage, Conservation and Archaeology. The head office is situated in Karachi, with sub offices in Thatta, Shikarpur, Jamshoro, Hyderabad and Sukkur.